IRRIGATION OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN MONTENEGRO: OVERVIEW
In the coming decades population growth will particularly take place in the emerging and least developed countries. This implies that these countries will be confronted with the need to increase their food supply by a larger production in their own territory, may be in combination with increased imports. Having in mind the required increase in food production in combination with the need for sustainable rural development a wide range of issues is of importance. From the point of view of food production there is a common feeling that 90 % of the required increase will have to be realized on existing cultivated land and 10 % on newly reclaimed land. From the point of view of sustainable rural development, socio economic and environmental aspects play crucial roles (Schultz et al, 2005). In this paper, the focus is on irrigation of agricultural land in Montenegro.About 18% of arable land is irrigated in the world and about 40% of total food is produced on these areas, while about 13% of agricultural land is irrigated in Europe, 1.05 ³% in Montenegro. The most common type of irrigation in Montenegro is with "artificial rain", while the remaining quantities of water are affected by watercourses, submersible water, lakes, reservoirs and from the water supply network. Investing in the revitalization and construction of irrigation systems in Montenegro should focus on projects that will demonstrate the justification of investments and achieve a quick return on invested funds, which will contribute to raising the motivation, interest and spreading of irrigation in larger agricultural areas. Activities and measures must be in function of real needs that will be based on the demands of agricultural producers.
BLAGOJEVIĆ B., SRĐEVIĆ Z., SRĐEVIĆ B., (2014), Identification of criteria and subcriteria for assessment of land suitability for irrigation, Letopis naučnih radova Poljoprivrednog fakulteta, Vol.38, Issue 1, pp.99 - 107.
BOSS, M. G., BURTON, M. A., MOLDEN, D. J., (2005), Irrigation and Drainage Performance Assessment - Practical Guidelines, CABI Publishing, UK.
BROUWER, C., K., PRINS, M. K., HEIBLOEM, M., (1988), Irrigation water management: Irrigation methods, Training Manual 5, Food and Agriculture Organization., Rome.
BULATOVIĆ, J., RAJOVIĆ, G., (2017), Rural areas of Montenegro in the context of the time: economics aspects, Гайдаровские чтения “УСТОЙЧИВЫЙ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЙ РОСТ: ПОЛИТИЧЕСКИЕ И СОЦИАЛЬНЫЕ ПРЕДПОСЫЛКИ”, 11 - 12 мая 2017 года, pp. 73 - 81, Том 1, ОРЕЛ, 2017, ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ БЮДЖЕТНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ ВЫСШЕГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ РОССИЙСКАЯ АКАДЕМИЯ НАРОДНОГО ХОЗЯЙСТВА И ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЙ СЛУЖБЫ ПРИ ПРЕЗИДЕНТЕ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ СРЕДНЕРУССКИЙ ИНСТИТУТ УПРАВЛЕНИЯ – ФИЛИАЛ УСТОЙЧИВЫЙ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЙ РОСТ: ПОЛИТИЧЕСКИЕ И СОЦИАЛЬНЫЕ ПРЕДПОСЫЛКИ.
DABOUR, N. M., (2002), The role of irrigation in food production and agricultural development in the Near East Region, Journal of Economic Cooperation, Vol.23, Issue 3, pp.31 - 70.
ELENA, S. I. M. A. (2012). Sustainable Irrigation Water Management–Romanian Legal Framework, Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, New Series, Year IX, no. 1, pp. 85–101.
FAO (2003). World agriculture: towards 2015/2030. Earth scans Publications Ltd, London.
FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS (FAO) (1985). Guidelines: Land evaluation for irrigated agriculture. Rome.
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION LAND AND WATER DEVELOPMENT DIVISION (2008). AQUASTAT Information System on Water and Agriculture Database, http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/main/index.stm, U. N., Rome.
GULAN B. (2017). In Serbia, only 3% of agricultural land is irrigated, Available from: htpp//www.agromedia.rs (09.11 2017).
HOFWEGEN P., SVEDSEN M.. (2000). A Vision of Water for Food and Rural Development, The Hague: World Water Forum.
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE GOVEMMENT OF MONTENEGRO (2015), Strategy for Water Management of Montenegro, Draft, Available from: htpp//www.minpolj.gov.me (11.11 2017).
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE GOVEMMENT OF MONTENEGRO (2016), Strategic assessment of the environmental impact. Draft strategies for water management in Montenegro, Available from: htpp//www. file.ejatlas.org (15.11 2017).
MOLDEN, D., FAURES, J. M., FINLAYSON, C. M., GITAY, H., MUYLWIJK, J., SCHIPPER, L.,.COATES, D., (2007), Setting the scene. Water for Food, Water for Life: A Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture, Londres. Inglaterra, pp.41 - 53.
PLAYAN, E., MATEOS, L., (2006), Modernization and optimization of irrigation systems to increase water productivity, Agricultural water management, Vol.80, Issue 1, pp.100 - 116.
RAJOVIĆ, G., (2015), Rural Society of Montenegro in the past and the future, „Anthropogenic evolution of modern soils and food production under changing of soil and climatic conditions”, October 29 - November 28, pp. 85 - 87, Proceedings of International Scientific and Practical E - Conference on Agriculture and Food Security, Orel State Agrarian University All - Russian Institute of Psychopathology Gorsky State Agrarian University, Russian Federation.
RAJOVIĆ, G., BULATOVIĆ, J., (2016), Agricultural Holdings in Montenegro - Structure, Labor Force, Use of Agricultural Land: a Review, European Geographical Studies, Vol.11, Issue 3, pp.120 - 128.
RAJOVIĆ, G., BULATOVIĆ, J., (2017), Belgrade settlement Braće Jerkovic: Environmental Awareness of the population, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Düsseldorf, Germany.
RAJOVIĆ, G., BULATOVIĆ, J., (2017), Geographical View of the Fisheries of Montenegro: Overview, Larhyss Journal, n°29, pp.167 - 186.
RAJOVIĆ, G., BULATOVIĆ, J., (2017), Mobility of Population in Montenegro; Traffic in Northeast Montenegro (CHAPTER I - Internal and External Mobility of the Population of Montenegro in the Second Half of the Twentieth and Beginning of the Twenty First Century with Focus on the Problems in the Research Migration; CHAPTER II - Sustainability traffic in northeastern Montenegro viewed with valorizing accepts the natural conditions with focus on terrain characteristics morphmetric), Scholars’ Press, Saarbrucken, Germany.
RAJOVIĆ G., BULATOVIĆ J. (2017). Some aspects of agricultural and rural development in Montenegro: Overview, World Scientific News, Vol.61, Issue 2, pp.56 - 68
RAJOVIĆ G., BULATOVIĆ J. (2016). Possibility of use of water in the economy of Montenegro, Larhyss Journal, n°25, pp.7 - 30.
ROMIĆ D. (2012). Irrigation - when water becomes a condition of survival, Croatian water management.
ROSEGRANT M. W., CAU X., CLINE A.S., (2002). World Water and Food to 2025: Dealing With Scarcity, Int. Food Policy Res. Inst., Washington, D. C.
SAUER T., HAVLIK P., SCHNEIDER U. A., SCHMID E., KINDERMANN G., OBERSTEINER, M. (2010), Agriculture and resource availability in a changing world: The role of irrigation, Water Resources Research, Vol.46, Issue 6, W06503, doi:10.1029/2009WR007729.
SAVIĆ R., PEJIĆ B., ONDRAŠEK G., VRANEŠEVIĆ M., BEZDAN A. (2013). Utilization of natural resources of Vojvodina for irrigation, Агрознање, Vol.14, Issue 1, pp.133 - 142.
SCHULTZ B., THATTE C. D., LABHSETWAR V. K. (2005). Irrigation and drainage. Main contributors to global food production, Irrigation and Drainage, Vol.54, Issue 3, pp.263 - 278.
TADIĆ L. (2012). Criteria for evaluation of agricultural land suitability for irrigation in Osijek County Croatia, In Problems, Perspectives and Challenges of Agricultural Water Management. InTech.
TOMIĆ F., KRIČKA T., GUBERAC V. (2013). How to Improve Croatian Agriculture, Plenary Exhibitions, 48th Croatian and 8th International Symposium of Agronomists, Dubrovnik.
VINCEK D., BOGOVIĆ M. (2016). The needs and possibilities of irrigation of agricultural surface in the area Varaždinske county, Zbornik radova Međimurskog veleučilišta u Čakovcu, Vol.7, Issue 1, pp.109 - 115.
VINEYARDS/ PLANTATIONS (2016). Ćemovsko field, Available from: http//www.plantaze.com (13.11 2017).
WATER MANAGEMENT BASIS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MONTENEGRO (***), Available from: http//www.mek.gov.me (12.11 2017).
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.