Floods have frequently and severely impacted Peninsular Malaysia's East Coast region in recent years, with Pahang being the worst hit during the 2021 flood event. Therefore, this study was carried out to determine the characteristics and patterns of previous flood events in two districts in Pahang, namely, Temerloh and Kuantan, and to investigate the effects of floods. Both quantitative and qualitative data from secondary sources are utilized in this study, where qualitative data from a literature review are used to clarify and interpret the findings of the quantitative data analysis of the DID annual flood report. According to the findings, floods occurred annually in both districts, excluding 2016, when Temerloh did not record any flood events. The flood depth reported ranged from 1 to 2 meters and lasted approximately a day. Furthermore, Pahang experienced both types of floods: monsoon and flash floods. Floods have forced locals to evacuate to flood relief to seek shelter, food, and aid supplies. Therefore, this study serves as a preliminary investigation of the flood events that occurred in Pahang. Understanding flood trends and their consequences is essential for a variety of purposes, including urban planning and flood management by stakeholders.


Flood trends; Flood events; Temerloh; Kuantan; Climate change

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