In this study two explicit schemes of Lax-Friedrichs and MacCormack are used to simulate the dam break wave problem. In order to improve the results of numerical simulations, two interface dissipations (ID) are used to reduce the numerical oscillations. We performed a comparative study of these dissipations and their different locations in the numerical scheme. These comparisons allow us to choose the numerical method adapted to the simulation of the dam break wave. The results are presented in one dimension and verifications were made with the analytical and experimental solution of other authors. Good agreement was found between the simulated, analytical and experimental results regardless of the flow regime. This technique allows to simulate the dam failure wave without taking into account the flow regime and to keep the solution stable for the values of the Courant-Friedrichs-Lewy (CFL) number up to a value close to unit.


Fluvial, Supercritical, Transcritical, Artificial viscosity, Dam failure, Saint Venant

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