UNDERSTANDING GROUNDWATER POLLUTION OF SISSILI CATCHMENT AREA IN BURKINA-FASO
In Burkina Faso, groundwater in hard rock aquifers represents a major asset for the rural populations. But this water is subject to anthropic and natural pollutions as is the case with the sub-watershed of Sissili for which few studies are available. Therefore, it is appropriate to follow their state of pollution. This study aims at a physicochemical characterization of the groundwater quality in order to highlight its relationship to the human and natural environments. As a result, 67 groundwater boreholes were analyzed according to WHO recommendations (2008) and techniques for assessing the quality of groundwater described by Rodier (2009). The results show that the chemical quality of water comes from several processes, which leads to a very complex situation. Water is strongly corrosive and is saturated with calcites. The groundwater is bicarbonated calcic and magnesian. The values of the electric conductivity of water show that the groundwaters are slightly mineralized with a maximum of 639 μS / cm. The value of the pH oscillates around 7 which is generally acid. The chemical hydro analysis revealed the contents in arsenic, fluorine, cyanide, lead, iron, potassium, phosphate, and aluminum exceeding WHO recommendations. The attention must be paid to the minor ions, heavy metals, and metalloids.
AHOUDI H., GNANDI K., TANOUAYI G., OUROSAMA K. (2015p. Physical-Chemical characterization and State of pollution by metallic trace elements of the underground water of Lomé (South Togo): case of the Agoe Zongo district, Larhyss Journal, No 24, pp. 41-56.
AHOUSSI K. E, KOFFI Y. B., KOUASSI A. M., SORO G, SORO NR, BIEMI J. (2012a). Study of the chemical and microbiological characteristics of the water resources of the catchment area of the n’zi: case of the commune of N’Zianouan (southern of the Côte d'Ivoire). International newspaper of biological and chemical sciences, Vol. 6, No 4, pp. 1854-1873.
AHOUSSI K., YOUAN TA M.., LOKO S., ADJA M.., LASM T., JOURDA J. P. (2012b). Hydrogeochemical study of water of the aquifers of fractures of the Paléoprotérozoïque base of the North-East of the Côte d'Ivoire: Case of the area of Bondoukou Africa SCIENCE, Vol. 8. No 3, pp. 51 – 68.
Al' Khawaja U. (2001). Stoof, Skyrmions in A Ferromagnetic Bose-Einstein Condensate. Nature 411, pp. 918-920.
AMADOU H., LAOUALI M.S., MANZOLA A. (2014). Physico-chemical and bacteriological analysis waters from three aquiferes of the region de Tillabery: application of methods multi varied statistical analysis, Larhyss Journal, No. 20, pp. 25-41.
Bamba O., PELEDE S., Sako A., KAGAMBEGA N. R., MININGOUM (2013). Impact of the mining craft industry on the grounds of an agricultural environment arranges in Burkina Faso, Journal of Science, Vol. 13. No 1, pp. 1-11.
COURTOIS N., LACHASSAGNE P., WYNS R.., BLANCHIN R.., BOUGAÏRÉ F.D., SOMÉ S., TAPSOBA A. (2010). Broad-scale mapping of hard rock aquifer properties applied to Burkina Faso. Groundwater, Vol. 48, pp. 269-283.
DEWANDEL B., LACHASSAGNE P., WYNS R., MARECHAL J.C., KRISHNAMURTHY N.S. (2006). With generalized multiphase 3D geological and hydrogeological conceptual model of granite aquifers controlled by single but weathering. Newspaper of Hydrology, Vol.330, pp. 260 –284.
EBLIN S. G., SORO G. M., SOMBO A. P., AKA N., KAMBIRÉ O., SORO N. (2014). Hydrochemistry of groundwater in the Adiake region (Sud-Est cote d’Ivoire), Larhyss Journal, No 17, pp. 193-214.
FEKHAOUI M., PATTEE E. (1993). Impact of the town of Fés on the Sebou wadi: physicochemical study, Bulletin of the Scientific Institute (Reduction), Vol.17, pp. 1-12.
GNAMBA, F., BAKA, B., SOMBO, A., KPAN, O., OGA, Y. (2019). Quantitative and qualitative analysis of groundwater resources in the Katiola (Côte d’Ivoire), Larhyss Journal, No 40, 117-134.
FEKHAOUI M.., PATTEE E. (1993). Impact of the town of Fés on the Sebou wadi: physicochemical study, bulletin of the scientific institute (Reduction), Vol.17, pp. 1-12.
KUICHA D., TAKOUNJOU A. F., NDJAMA J. (2013). Hydrochemical and the isotope of the environment to the knowledge of the subsoil water resources of Yaoundé, journal Applied Biosciences, Vol.67, pp.5194-5208.
LASM T., LASME O.D., OGA M.S.Y., YOUANTA M., BAKA D., KOUAME F., YAO T.K. (2011). Hydrochimic characterization of the aquifers fissured of the area of San-Pedro (South-western of the Côte d’Ivoire), international newspaper of biological and chemical sciences, Vol.5. No 2, pp. 642-662.
LGHOUL M.., KCHIKACH A., HAKKOU R., ZOUHRI L., GUERIN R., BENDJOUDI H., TEIXIDO T., PENA J. A., ENRIQUE L., JAFFAL M., HANICH L. (2012). Geophysical and hydrogeologic study 6 of the abandoned mining site of Kettara (area of Marrakech, Morocco), contribution to the project of 7 rehabilitation, Hydrological Sciences Newspaper, Vol.57, No 2, pp. 370-381.
MATINI L., MOUTOU J.M., Kongo-Mantono M. S. (2009). HYDRO-CHEMICAL KONGO-MANTONO M.S Evaluation of subsoil waters in urban environment in the South-west of Brazzaville, Congo, Africa SCIENCE, Vol.5. No 1, pp.82 – 98.
OMS. (2008). Guidelines for drinking water quality. Third edition, incorporating the first and second Addenda, recommendations, Geneva, Vol. 1, 515p.
OUANGANDO S. (2008). Subsoil water resources of the urban Centre of Ouagadougou to Burkina Faso. Quality and vulnerability. Thesis of doctorate, University of Avignon and the Countries of Vaucluse, France, 254 p.
PAGES J. (2004). Analyze Factorial Mixed Data, Revue of Statistics Applied, Vol.52, No 4, pp. 93-111.
SAKO A., BAMBA O., GORDIO A. (2006). Hydrogeochemical processes controlling quality of subsoil waters mineral-bearing Zone of gold of Bomboré, Burkina Faso central, Newspaper of Geochemical Exploration, Vol.170, pp. 58-71.
SAURET E.S. (2005). Hydrochimic characterization and quality of subsoil waters of the hydraulic project villager 310 drillings, in the loop of the Mouhoun: provinces of the Banwa, the bales, the Mouhoun and the kossi (Burkina Faso), 63p.
SAVADOGO N.A. (1984). Geology and hydrogeology of the crystalline base of Upper Volta. Regional study of the catchment area of Sissili. Thesis of Doctorate, Scientific and Medical University from Grenoble, France, 350 p.
KUMAR S., MUTTAN S. (2006). Fusion of images based on PCA, Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.6233, pp. 62331T-1 to 62331T8.
SMEDLEY P. L., KNUDSEN J., MAIGA D. (2007). Arsenic in groundwater from mineralized Proterozoic basement rock'n'rolls of Burkina Faso. Journal Applied Geochemistry, Vol.22, pp. 1074-1092.
SORO D. D., KOITA M., BIAOU C. A., OUTOUMBE J., VOUILAMOZ J. M., YACOUBA H., GUERIN R. (2017). Geophysical demonstration of the absence of correlation between lineaments and hydrogeological use full fractures: case study of the Sanon hard rock aquifer (central northern Burkina Faso), Journal African of hearth sciences, Vol.129, pp. 842-852.
RABILOU S., MOM M.., NATATOU M.., HABOU I. (2018). Physicochemical characterization of groundwaters of the Base of the Area De Zinder (Niger) During the Rainy season And the Season Dries European Scientific Journal September 2018 edition Vol.14, No 27, pp.1857 – 7881.
TRAVI. Y., DIA O. (1986). report Hydrochimic interpretation on the tablecloths of formation of base of Eastern Senegal. Programmed CEAO. Department of geology, Dakar, 9 p.
VICAT J. P., MVONDOC H., WILLEMS L., POUCLET A. (2002). Fossil and current karstic phenomena within the silico-aluminous metamorphic formations of the tablecloth pan African of Yaoundé (South-Cameroun). C R. Geoscience, Vol.334, No 8, pp. 545 –550.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.